Cancer - Signs and symptoms

 

Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. Through clinical trials, doctors find new ways to improve treatments and the quality of life for people with disease.Researchers design cancer clinical trials to test new ways to:

 

Cancer is a group of diseases that can cause almost any sign or symptom. The signs and symptoms will depend on where the cancer is, how big it is, and how much it affects the organs or tissues. If a cancer has spread (metastasized), signs or symptoms may appear in different parts of the body.

 

Lump in your breast:

 

See your GP if you notice a lump in your breast or if you have a lump that's rapidly increasing in size elsewhere on your body.Your GP will refer you to a specialist for tests if they think you may have cancer.

 

Coughing, chest pain and breathlessness:

 

Visit your GP if you've had a cough for more than three weeks. Symptoms such as shortness of breath or chest pain may be a sign of a severe (acute) condition, such as pneumonia. See your GP straight away if you experience these types of symptoms

 

Changes in bowel habits:

 

See your GP if you've experienced one of the changes listed below and it's lasted for more than a few weeks:

 
  • blood in your stools
  • diarrhoea or constipation for no obvious reason
  • a feeling of not having fully emptied your bowels after going to the toilet
  • pain in your stomach (abdomen) or back passage (anus)
  • persistent bloating

Bleeding:

 

You should also see your GP if you have any unexplained bleeding, such as:

 
  • blood in your urine
  • bleeding between periods
  • bleeding from your bottom
  • blood when you cough
  • blood in your vomit

Moles:

 
  • has an irregular or asymmetrical shape
  • has an irregular border with jagged edges
  • has more than one colour – it may be flecked with brown, black, red, pink or white
  • is bigger than 7mm in diameter
  • is itchy, crusting or bleeding

Unexplained weight loss:

 

You should also see your GP if you've lost a lot of weight over the last couple of months that can't be explained by changes to your diet, exercise or stress.